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Commentary

Never let a good crisis go to waste! The impact of great power conflict on the nuclear non-proliferation regime and what to do about it

In advance of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) 2026 Review Conference, ELN Policy and Research Director Oliver Meier argues that Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine has thrown the nuclear non-proliferation regime into crisis. Despite this, opportunities remain to revitalise multilateral frameworks. If N5 states are willing to compartmentalise nuclear arms control, and if the existing international organisations that govern arms nuclear control are better leveraged to build on past achievements, progress on mitigating nuclear risks can still be made.

18 July 2024 | Oliver Meier
Policy brief

The challenge of Russian dual-capable missiles

In a new policy brief, ELN Senior Associate Fellows Simon Lunn and Nicholas Williams discuss how Russia’s superior quantities of dual-capable medium and short-range missiles affect the credibility of NATO’s nuclear posture. It also highlights how NATO’s expansion, the need to engage with more Alliance members, and any potential American withdrawal from Euro-Atlantic security architecture could affect NATO’s capacity for defence, as well as the role of deterrence and assurances in this nexus. 

17 July 2024 | Simon Lunn and Nicholas Williams
Commentary

Preparing for the 2026 Review Conference: Pragmatic steps toward an improved NPT Review Cycle

The failure of the previous two Review Cycles to agree on a final document demonstrates that the NPT Review Cycle is in danger of becoming dysfunctional. From a proposed Chairperson’s document to the need for informal venues to discuss salient issues, Michael Biontino offers practical steps for a successful 2026 Review Conference, beyond a final document.

5 July 2024 | Michael Biontino
Commentary

Gender as a flashpoint: Risks and resolutions for the NPT review process

Disagreements over gender issues in the NPT review process have become increasingly contentious, and there is a real possibility that they could derail the next Review Conference. To avoid an impasse in the consensus-based NPT review process, Sanaa Alvira and Shizuka Kuramitsu urge States parties to proactively engage through coalition-building and inclusive consultations led by NPT Chairs to address these challenges.

2 July 2024 | Sanaa Alvira and Shizuka Kuramitsu
Policy brief

The Non-Proliferation Treaty as a framework for dialogue

Ahead of the 2024 NPT Preparatory Committee (PrepCom), Michael Biontino writes that there is an urgent need for dialogue on nuclear doctrines, declaratory policies, and security assurances between nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon states.

2 July 2024 | Michael Biontino