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Report

Chinese thinking on AI integration and interaction with nuclear command and control, force structure, and decision-making

Fei Su and Jingdong Yuan analyse Chinese-language literature to present Chinese perspectives on AI and its military applications. The paper offers recommendations to mitigate the risks associated with the military use of AI in nuclear C2 systems, particularly focusing on the steps that China could consider to enhance its practices.

13 November 2023 | Fei Su and Dr Jingdong Yuan
Report

AI and nuclear command, control and communications: P5 perspectives

The nuclear-weapons states China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States are increasingly recognising the implications of integrating AI into nuclear weapons command, control, and communication systems. Exploring the risks inherent to today’s advanced AI systems, this report sheds light on characteristics and risks across different branches of this technology and establishes the basis for a general purpose risk assessment framework.

13 November 2023 | Alice Saltini
Policy brief

The inadmissibility of nuclear threats within the NPT regime

Ahead of the 2023 NPT Preparatory Committee, this policy brief examines how nuclear threats have changed with Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, how to define a ‘nuclear threat’, and how NPT member states should react to nuclear threats. It sets out recommendations for how State Parties can strengthen the NPT and the nuclear taboo in the current Review Cycle.

27 July 2023
Policy brief

Strengthening the eleventh NPT Review Cycle: A diplomatic space for continuity and coordination

Ahead of the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the 2026 Review Conference, the first session of the working group on further strengthening the NPT review process starts today. This paper provides an overview of contributions from States Parties, civil society, research centres, and academia that the working group can draw on in order to facilitate a structured discussion during working group meetings.

24 July 2023
Policy brief

Year two of the invasion: Where do former Soviet countries stand?

After Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, governments in the former Soviet Union were immediately forced to deal with difficult geopolitical realities. In this report for the ELN, YGLN member Daniel Shapiro uses quantitative and qualitative analysis to show there is increased heterogeneity in geopolitical positioning among post-Soviet states and offers key lessons from this for Western policymakers.

4 July 2023 | Daniel Shapiro
Report

ELN Balkans parliamentary project: Roundtable on regional security challenges and cooperation in Southeast Europe

This report details the findings of a roundtable organised by the ELN’s Balkans parliamentary project, that discussed regional security challenges and cooperation in Southeast Europe. Held in Belgrade in May 2023, it constituted the first event held in the region by the project.

4 July 2023 | Policy Briefs & Reports
Report

Workshop report: Track 1.5 Dialogue on Iran, the JCPOA and future scenarios

In May 2023 , the ELN and Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) held a track 1.5 meeting in London featuring a range of European, American, Asian and Iranian experts to assess three possible scenarios that could come about should attempts to revive the JCPOA fail: resumption of nuclear negotiations, building regional solutions, and regional conflict. ELN Senior Associate Fellow Roxane Farmanfarmaian captures the core findings in this report.

28 June 2023 | Roxane Farmanfarmaian
Report

Strategic risks in the Asia-Pacific: Examining Australian, British, Japanese, and South Korean perspectives

A new report from the ELN and the APLN sets out how the UK can strengthen security cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region with South Korea, Japan, and Australia, amidst a deteriorating security environment that threatens to undermine the existing nuclear order.

Policy brief

Changing perceptions of strategic risks in the Asia-Pacific – the Australian, Japanese, and South Korean perspectives

The European Leadership Network (ELN) with the Asia-Pacific Leadership Network (APLN) have worked together on three reports that analyse the changing nature of the strategic risks landscape in the Asia-Pacific. These reports look into how these changes affect the non-proliferation regime, and come from the Australian, Japanese and South Korean perspectives. Full report details within the article.